Japanese Backyard Landscaping Ideas
Many Americans think of Japanese gardens in terms of either the famed gardens of Kyoto or display gardens in parks or botanic gardens here in the United States. But in Japan, small residential gardens are also beloved and ubiquitous, especially in dense urban areas. One common style, the tsuboniwa, is an internal courtyard garden that first came into vogue in the 1600s. These gardens were a way for middle-class city dwellers, inspired by large estate gardens, to bring a bit of nature into their own homes. Tsuboniwa are still popular today, as are pocket gardens in other tiny spaces adjacent to the home.
Many small spaces in Brooklyn and other cities are very well suited for similar gardens. Just look at this lovely small Park Slope Japanese-style backyard garden.
When the garden's owner, Roberta Samet, bought her classic Brooklyn brownstone in 1985, the 20- by 40-foot backyard was filled with construction debris and badly in need of a cleanup and overhaul. “That gave me carte blanche to create whatever I wanted, ” she says. Samet had always admired the Japanese aesthetic and particularly loved the idea of having an evergreen garden.
Samet hired landscape architect Gil Rosenthal (of Japanese Gardens by Gil Rosenthal, in Nassau County) to design and install the garden. He created an asymmetrical layout with a steppingstone path, a small pond and waterfall, and naturalistic plantings dominated by conifers like Sawara cypress and white pine, as well as Japanese maples.
The combined effect is very much in keeping with one of the key tenets of traditional Japanese gardens—to create a scene inspired by the natural world, but on smaller scale. “It’s a classic style that can be easily maintained for many years, ” says Rosenthal.
In the Japanese tradition, stone and water are more prominent than in European and American gardens. Rocks—“the bones of the earth”—provide structure in a Japanese garden, while water represents renewal. Samet’s small pond and waterfall, below, incorporate both, and also broaden the sensory experience by creating pleasing natural sounds that help insulate the garden from the noise of the city.
While Western gardens are usually focused on colorful spring and summer flower displays, Japanese gardens place more value on seasonal beauty. “It’s really a four-season garden, ” says Rosenthal. “The plants we chose look beautiful all year.”